Tracking the relevant researches of CADD drug development against COVID-19
Barnidipine is a long-acting novel calcium antagonist that belongs to the dihydropyridine (DHP) group of calcium channel blockers. Used in the treatment of hypertension, barnidipine displays high affinity for the calcium channels of the smooth muscle cells in the vascular walland selectivity against cardiovascular L-type calcium channels. Barnidipine contains two chiral centres thus can have four possible enantiomers. The active component is composed of a single optical isomer (3'S, 4Sconfiguration), which is the most potent and longest-acting of the four enantiomers. Compared to several other calcium antagonists which are racemates, the barnidipine compound consisting of a single enantiomer may offer a high degree of pharmacological selectivity.According to a dose-ranging, multicentre, placebo-controlled, double-blind study in patients with mild to moderate hypertension, the antihypertensive response from barnidipine treatment was maintained after a 1-year and 2-year follow-up period in 91% of the patients who had an initial response to the drug. In two European multicentre randomized, double-blind trials, barnidipine was shown to possess equivalent antihypertensive efficacy to amlodipine and nitrendipine, but produced fewer class-specific side-effects. It also demonstrated clinical efficacy which is similar to that of atenolol, enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide.It is available in modified-release oral tablets under the brand name Vasexten to be taken once daily in the morning. Barnidipine has a gradual onset of action and is shown to be well tolerated in patients. It does not produce reflex tachycardia. [DrugBank]
Voltage-dependent L-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1C (Humans) [DrugBank]
Barnidipine reduces peripheral resistance and lowers blood pressure. The chronic use of the drug is not reported to lead to an increase in basic heart frequency. The antihypertensive effects of barnidipine are reported to remain during the entire 24-hour dose interval. Barnidipine does not exert any negative effect on serum lipids profile, glucose level or blood electrolytes 6. [DrugBank]
Tips: Click on the link to jump to the 'SwissTargetPrediction' webserver. Select the species of 'Homo sapiens', and then paste the SMILES of Barnidipine in the SMILES input box.
Tips: Click on the link to jump to the 'CB-Dock' webserver. Upload the structure file of target predicted by 'SwissTargetPrediction' and the 2D/3D structure file of Barnidipine to perform blind docking.